The hottest construction machinery industry goes i

2022-08-03
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The low tide period of 2015 led to a sharp decline in the market sales of the whole construction machinery industry. However, in this difficult period, stronger enterprises, technologies and products were created in the form of survival of the fittest, filtering out those inferior and potential enterprises, thus restructuring the industry. In the fierce market competition, internationalization has been playing an important role in saving the industry. When the sales volume of most machinery markets continued to decline, the export has been growing, and the proportion of overall sales has also continued to rise. In order to eliminate everyone's confusion, internationalization is a trend, which is naturally formed in the market trade and then amplified

"the belt and road initiative 4. Poly (aryl ether ketone) peak road" promotes China's construction machinery to "go global"

at the end of 2015, the voice of the "the Belt and Road" is becoming stronger and stronger. With the "the Belt and Road" in the world, National infrastructure construction is booming everywhere, which not only adds to the friendship and cooperation between China and other countries, but also drives the economic development of countries along the "the Belt and Road", It also brings opportunities for the further development of China's socialist economy and the construction machinery industry in a weak state. However, foreign engineering projects have stimulated the demand for construction machinery. On the one hand, foreign engineering construction has a large base number and more opportunities for construction machinery; On the other hand, the European economy is tense. Some underdeveloped countries are in urgent need of infrastructure construction. Limited to backward science and technology and underdeveloped economy, they have a high demand for foreign resources and resources. These provide a golden road for the export of construction machinery

infrastructure connectivity is a priority area for the construction of the "the Belt and Road". On the basis of respecting the sovereignty and security concerns of relevant countries, countries along the line should strengthen the docking of infrastructure construction planning and technical standard system, jointly promote the construction of international backbone channels, and gradually form an infrastructure network connecting Asian subregions and Asia, Europe and Africa. Grasp the key channels, key nodes and key projects of the traffic infrastructure, give priority to open up the missing sections, unblock the bottleneck sections, complete the road safety protection facilities and traffic management facilities and equipment, and improve the road accessibility level. Promote the establishment of a unified whole process transport coordination mechanism, promote the organic connection between international customs clearance, reloading and multimodal transport, gradually form compatible and standardized transport rules, and realize the facilitation of international transport. We will strengthen cooperation in energy infrastructure connectivity, jointly maintain the safety of oil and gas pipelines and other transportation channels, promote the construction of cross-border power and transmission channels, and actively carry out cooperation in regional power upgrading and transformation

"the Belt and Road" strategy, as the first of the three national strategies, is the core of the central economic work this year. Its implementation will benefit five major industries. Transportation, construction and their supporting industries will benefit first as important implementers of "connectivity" projects and "the Belt and Road" national capacity buildings. With the establishment of policy financial institutions such as the Silk Road Fund and the Asian investment bank, the acceptance and effectiveness of follow-up orders will also be accelerated, and the expectation of performance increment will also be improved

at present, the scale of transnational investment implemented is about 52.4 billion US dollars. According to the estimation of the Ministry of Commerce, the overseas revenue from the "the Belt and Road" strategy accounted for 16% of the total revenue of China's eight major construction companies in 2013, which will greatly increase the proportion of overseas revenue of China's large construction companies

most of the more than 60 countries along the "the Belt and Road" are emerging economies and developing countries. Their economic growth has slowed down and to some extent, they are constrained by hardware facilities. The infrastructure of these countries is relatively backward. Taking railway construction as an example, the ratio of railway mileage to land area in most countries is less than 1%, while that in developed countries such as the European Union and Japan is generally more than 5%. Even considering the land area, the ratio of railway mileage to land area in China, Russia and other large countries is 0.7% and 0.5% respectively, which is significantly lower than the level of 2.5% in the United States

in contrast, China has rich experience in infrastructure construction, and there is even overcapacity in some areas. On the one hand, these capacity needs to be limited and reduced. On the other hand, it can be solved by increasing overseas demand. China's traditional exporter, the United States, Europe and Japan, is not suitable for such infrastructure output. The surrounding developing countries of the "the Belt and Road" are more in line with this demand. At the same time, China's achievements in infrastructure construction can be said to be a "business card" of China's construction machinery industry. The technical standard gb/t50344 ⑵ 004 for building structure inspection of the "the Belt and Road" initiative will lead to the export of the construction machinery industry, especially the leading export of comprehensive construction machinery

some experts predict that from 2015 to 2019, the cumulative investment in infrastructure construction in the core countries along the "the Belt and Road" will be about $3.26 trillion. In 2015 alone, this figure may reach $558billion. According to the empirical data that the value of construction machinery products accounts for 5% of the investment, it will bring a market space of $175billion to the construction machinery industry. Looking forward to 2020, the export volume of domestic construction machinery products driven by the "the Belt and Road" is expected to increase to 54billion US dollars

analysis of China's construction machinery exports in 2015

industry data show that the import and export trade volume of China's construction machinery from January to October 2015 was US $18.785 billion, a decrease of 6.32% over the previous year. Among them, the import amount was 2.845 billion US dollars, a decrease of 22.1% over the previous year; The export value was US $15.94 billion, a decrease of 2.82% over the previous year, and the trade surplus was US $13.095 billion, an increase of US $342million year-on-year. In october2015, the import volume was 187million US dollars, a year-on-year decrease of 32.0%; The export value was USD 1.384 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 6.67%

in the first 10 months of 2015, the export of China's construction machinery parts reached US $5.431 billion, accounting for 34.1% of the total export, a year-on-year decrease of 4.68%. The total export of complete machines reached US $10.51 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 1.83%, accounting for 65.9% of the total export; The decrease in the export value of spare parts was significantly lower than that of the complete machine, with a decrease of US $267million, accounting for 57.7% of the decrease in the total import value. From January to October, the export volume decreased significantly: Loaders (decreased by 305million US dollars, down 22.2%), other bulldozers (decreased by 145million US dollars, down 50.7%), other truck cranes (decreased by 138million US dollars, down 27.2%), road builders and graders (decreased by 108million US dollars, down 33.2%), tunnel boring machines (decreased by 91million US dollars, down 5.84%), internal-combustion forklifts (decreased by 77million US dollars, down 8.26%). The complete machine products with a large increase in export volume include elevators and escalators, other engineering vehicles, off-road dump trucks, concrete mixer trucks, etc

among the main export destination countries, the United States and Japan are the largest market for China's construction machinery, and the other one mainly imports China's construction machinery parts. The rest are mainly Asian countries, in addition to Australia, Russia, South Africa and Venezuela. With the promotion of the "the Belt and Road" strategy, the trade of construction machinery products between the countries along the belt and road and China is active. In the first 10 months of 2015, the export of China's construction machinery products to the countries along the belt and road reached US $7.074 billion, accounting for 44.4% of the total export volume. The export volume increased by 3.50% over the same period last year, 6.32 percentage points higher than the total export volume. The export proportion is also significantly higher than that of the national export and the export of mechanical and electrical products to the "the Belt and Road" countries. In 2016, the import and export trade of the construction machinery industry will face new opportunities and challenges. The "the Belt and Road" strategy will further drive the export of construction machinery products, and the export to countries along the line will increase slightly on the basis of the existing proportion

overseas market has far-reaching significance for construction machinery.

first, for the world's top technology, key technologies such as hydraulic system and core parts are mastered by foreign enterprises. If domestic construction machinery enterprises want to break through, it is inevitable to cooperate with foreign enterprises

second, in terms of overseas sales, many Chinese enterprises have set their sights on a broader overseas market in order to reverse the adverse situation in the domestic market. At the beginning of 2015, 74 crawler hydraulic excavators with extended arms and standard wheel hydraulic excavators of XCMG were shipped to Central Asia, which once again demonstrated the excellent quality and overseas influence of XCMG products; On May 5, the first batch of 100 trucks of XCMG large tonnage truck mounted lifting and transportation project were sent to Venezuela in new clothes and neat lines under the careful dressing of workers; On May 29, a fleet carrying 300 large tonnage excavators slowly drove out of the gate of XCMG's excavation machinery base and headed for the Middle East. After more than 40 years of hard twists and turns, Chinese hydraulic excavators finally realized the existence of service personnel for their own brand large tonnage excavators and went to the international market on a large scale; In October, XCMG schweiying reported good news in overseas markets. With the concerted efforts of import and export companies, XCMG won a large batch export order of complete sets of equipment in West Africa, including 27 mixer trucks, 2 pump trucks and 5 mixing stations, with a total value of more than 18million yuan, becoming the largest export order of XCMG concrete machinery to the region; Then, good news came from the South American market. XCMG excavator products stood out in the competition with many foreign brands by virtue of their reliable, efficient and energy-saving excellent quality and customized design for the South American regional market, and won 44 orders for 21 ton excavators at one fell swoop, realizing the first mass export to the region; At the end of the year, the international market of XCMG's core parts and components made renewed efforts. After the successful launch of the new generation of 20 ton loader hydraulic cylinders independently developed by XCMG hydraulic parts company, they were exported to Australia in batches, which not only filled a number of technical gaps in the research and development of domestic super large tonnage loader cylinders, but also successfully achieved a zero breakthrough in the international market for the independent products of this series of cylinders...

third, they participated in the competition in the overseas market, It can promote Chinese enterprises to integrate with internationalization faster and form a market-oriented production mechanism, and the market forced mechanism will often force an enterprise to really embark on the path of scientific and technological innovation. Then the product quality of our Chinese enterprises can be fundamentally improved for a period of time, and gradually approach the world's top technology level

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