The hottest US releases 20 major technology trends

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The United States has released 20 major scientific and technological trends that will change the world in the next 30 years

this report is a 35 page "emerging technology trends report" released by the U.S. Army. It is based on 32 research and investigation reports on science and technology trends published by government agencies, consulting agencies, think tanks, scientific research institutions, etc. in the United States in the past few years

through the comprehensive comparison and analysis of nearly 700 scientific and technological trends, 20 most noteworthy scientific and technological development trends were finally identified

the report is issued to help the U.S. Army and relevant departments have an overall grasp of the core science and technology that may affect national power in the next 30 years, and to point out the direction of science and technology investment for national and social capital, so as to ensure the strategic advantages of the United States and the U.S. military in the future world

look at the trend pre reduction transportation demand measurement given in this report. At present, it is very accurate

1 robots and automation systems

robots and automation systems will be everywhere on earth in 2045. Autonomous vehicle will make traffic safer and more efficient, and may also bring new impetus to the sharing economy. Robots will be responsible for a large number of tasks in daily life, such as taking care of the elderly and buying vegetables, as well as industrial responsibilities, such as harvesting crops, maintaining public facilities, and so on

with the improvement of mobility, sensitivity and intelligence of robots, they will become powerful soldiers to assist or even replace human soldiers in the battlefield. AI software will be used in business, such as extracting meaningful information from hundreds of terabytes of data, automating business services, and replacing traditional people-oriented occupations such as customer service and teachers

however, robots and automation will also bring many crises. Millions of laid-off workers whose jobs have been replaced by machines will have a great impact on society and lead to economic and social instability. The automatic network system will become the main breakthrough for each hostile force to attack each other. The use of robots and automated systems in conflict may pose great ethical and cultural challenges

representative technology:

2 additive manufacturing

additive manufacturing (3D printing) has been used in industry as a technology for manufacturing limited design prototypes for more than 30 years. However, in the past decade, 3D printing technology has achieved amazing development. Nowadays, with the decline in the price of 3D printers and the emergence of a large number of open source tools and payment models, there has been a huge group of makers in the world, who are constantly breaking through the limits of this technology

in 2040, 3D printing technology will change the world. The new generation of 3D printers will be able to integrate a variety of materials, electronic components, batteries and other components. People will use 3D printing technology to manufacture tools, electronic products, spare parts, medical equipment and other products, and realize real private customization according to their personal needs

the logistics of the army will become simpler, because equipment and supplies can be printed directly locally. Objects will become information, and online piracy will replace real theft. Terrorists and criminal groups will use raw materials that are difficult to trace to print weapons, detectors, and other equipment, causing great hidden dangers to social stability

3 data analysis

in 2015, mankind created a total of 44zb (4.4 billion TB) of data, and this number will double every two years. All kinds of profound information about consumption habits, public health, global climate change and other economic, social and political aspects are hidden in these data. Unfortunately, although big data has become a hot spot, less than 10% of the data will be analyzed every year

in the next 30 years, our ability to process huge amounts of dynamic data will gradually improve. Automatic AI software will be able to identify and extract relevant information from scattered data. This ability of data analysis will spread from commercial applications to ordinary people

people will gain the ability to use big data in their lives, and through this ability, they will force the government and various institutions to be responsible for their policies. This is likely to cause conflicts about data restrictions. Super personalized marketing, government monitoring of people's data, and the exposure of major data theft cases will lead to the discussion of data ownership. Hostile forces can use stolen, secretly purchased, or even open source data to attack each other

4 human enhancement

in the next 30 years, science and technology will lead mankind to break through the limits of human potential and even biological limits. Wearable devices connected by IOT will directly inject real-time information into our senses. Exoskeletons and artificial limbs connected to the brain will make us stronger and restore mobility for the elderly, the weak and the disabled

contact lenses equipped with detectors and embedded computers or equipment permanently implanted in the body will bring us wall piercing hearing, natural night vision, and the ability to embed virtual and augmented reality systems. Intellectual drugs will expand our thinking ability and change the way we work and study

of course, human beings' enhancement of technology will also bring new challenges. Those who cannot afford to upgrade the price of the body are likely to find themselves uncompetitive in strengthening the economy. And enhancing the connection of technology will make our body and even brain the target of hackers. The reinforcement of soldiers is likely to trigger a new arms race in enhanced science and technology

5 intelligence and cloud computing

intelligence and cloud computing are changing the way people get along with data. For example, in the United States, about 30% of page views and 40% of social media are through. One of the reasons for this is the intelligence of various detectors that can measure weather, location, brightness, sound, and biological characteristics

with the increasing power of, and more comprehensive functions, the spread of mobile networks will also accelerate. By 2030, 75% of the world's population will have mobile Internet connections and 60% of the population will have high-speed wired internet connections

the development of mobile terminals and the proliferation of mobile networks will also further promote the progress of cloud computing. Cloud computing can bring a lot of computing power to users with zero investment. In the next 30 years, cloud based mobile computing will change all walks of life from health care to education

for example, people can conduct physical examination and communicate directly with the diagnostic software on the cloud. People can also use educational software on to learn new skills. Farmers can even calculate the optimal harvest time through the cloud software by connecting to real-time meteorological data

however, all this requires extremely high network security, reliability, and traffic. Business users and individual users also need to get used to uploading data to the cloud

6 medicine

in the next 30 years, various breakthroughs in science and technology will change medicine. Through genomics, we will get real private drugs. In the future, cancer, cardiopulmonary disease, Alzheimer's disease, and other currently seemingly incurable diseases will be treated with drugs targeting the patient's personal genes

human beings will be able to cultivate organs needed for transplantation through DNA culture, thus eliminating potentially fatal conditions such as waiting for matching and rejection. The prosthetic limb will be directly connected to the nervous system to provide senses that are very similar to the real touch

machine first responders and limb survival techniques such as controlled cooling will greatly extend the golden time of rescue. Scientists will find out the causes of aging, so as to increase human life span, and a large group of very healthy and energetic old people will emerge

on the other hand, the price of developed medical facilities will bring greater pressure to the medical systems of various countries. The life-saving resources between the poor and the rich will also be greatly uneven. And with the increase of human life span, the competition between young people and the elderly for work and resources will intensify. Super bacteria with high drug resistance will also bring great danger to people all over the world

7 network security

network security is not a new topic. In fact, as early as 1991, someone put forward the warning of luoshang Pearl Harbor. But in the next 30 years, with the development of logistics and more and more connections in daily life, network security will become the primary topic in the network industry

at present, although there are more and more network attacks in the world, most of their targets are only individuals or enterprises. And although the losses caused by these attacks are great, these losses will not spread. And the future world will not be so simple

as cars, household appliances, power plants, street lights, and millions of other things are interconnected, the consequences of network attacks will become more and more serious. The data of countries, enterprises and individuals will face increasingly covert attacks. Some will not be discovered until years later. At present, people can imagine that the worst situation is the collapse of the Internet and the economic and social functions contained in it under the increasingly crazy and frequent attacks of the end of the world

8 energy

in the next 30 years, the global energy demand is expected to increase by 35%, and we are facing an energy revolution. New oil extraction technologies, such as hydraulic fracturing and directional drilling, have added a large number of exploitable oil and gas fields to mankind. This has directly overturned the world oil market and turned the United States from the world's largest oil importer to the largest oil producer

at the same time, the price of renewable energy, such as solar energy and wind energy, has also begun to approach that of oil. Take solar energy for example. In the past 10 years, the price of solar power has decreased from $8 per watt to one tenth of this figure. In addition, there is nuclear energy, which is controversial but has never stopped developing. The design of the new generation of nuclear reactors claims to be far safer than the previous ones and will produce less nuclear waste

however, although using clean energy can help us slow down global climate change, new disputes and frictions will also arise around rare resources used to produce batteries, photovoltaic and other components. The decline of the oil economy will also cause serious economic and social instability in the Middle East and North Africa, further deepening local armed conflicts

9 smart city

in 2045, 65% - 70% of the world's population will live in cities. With the increase of urban population, the number of super cities with a global population of more than 10million will increase from 28 in 2016 to 41 in 2030. A large number of people flowing to cities will bring great pressure to the infrastructure of these cities, such as intercity transportation, food and water sources, power and energy, sewage treatment, and public safety systems

the future smart city will use information and communication technology (ICT) to improve the efficiency and sustainability of the city through big data and automation

for example, using a decentralized detection system will monitor the data of urban water and electricity consumption in real time, and automatically adjust the distribution settings through intelligent electricity; Reduce the degree of vehicle congestion through the connected traffic signal system and auto drive system; Use by

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